Radiation Therapy Modules

Year 1 (Trimester 1)

Anatomy and Physiology 1

HSC1001

This module, together with Anatomy and Physiology 2 (HSC1002), will equip students with a working knowledge of the normal structure and function of the human body. The clinical relevance and the interrelationship between different body systems will be emphasized. Learning of anatomical structures will be reinforced by highlighting connections with their physiological functions. In this module, students will learn the anatomy and physiology of blood, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, nervous system, integumentary system, and the musculoskeletal system. They will also gain an in-depth understanding of the musculoskeletal anatomy of the upper and lower extremities.


Psychological and Sociological Perspectives for Health Sciences

HSC1004

This module consists of two components: sociological and psychological perspectives. It is designed for students in their first year of undergraduate studies so that they are equipped with fundamental knowledge for modules in subsequent trimesters. Sociology is the study of society, relationships, and social behaviour. Students will consider key sociological concepts and research to broaden their understanding of health, illness, and healthcare as they relate to the individual, family, and society. Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and the behaviour. In this module, students will attain in-depth understanding of the fundamental psychological concepts, as well as their applications to both the experimental and the clinical settings, enriching their skillset as health professionals and researchers. This module will encompass the central psychological domains: biological, behavioural, cognitive, personality, emotions, and mental health. In addition to the applied learning focus pertaining to health, this module is designed to foster critical thinking. Learning activities include viewing recorded lectures, reading textbooks, accessing e-materials and participating in synchronous seminars.


Health Systems - Singapore's Perspectives

HSC1006

The World Health Organization (WHO)’s framework of a health system includes resource generation, stewardship, funding and provisioning. The goal of a health system is to improve health, respond to expectations and focus on fairness in financial contribution. In this module, the Singapore health system is described and analyzed within the WHO’s framework. Students will learn to appreciate how policies are developed, health needs identified and met, intersectoral collaborations needed and established, and services organized and evaluated. Through interprofessional studies, they will learn about the needs of patients and the roles of different professions in the health systems addressing those needs.


Patient Care and Safety

HSC1101

Foundation concepts and competencies in assessment and evaluation of the patient for service delivery. Psychological and physical needs of the patient and family and factors affecting treatment outcome. Infection control procedures, routine and emergency care procedures. Role in patient education. Human factors, quality assurance.

Communication in patient care. Health-illness continuum, developing professional attitudes, communication (including interviewing, observation and recording), age- and generation-specific communication, psychological considerations. Patient-family interactions. Patient identification, aspects of treatment procedures, holistic approaches to family members and friends.

Patient rights and responsibilities (including confidentiality). Patient transfer. Body mechanics, movement techniques, fall prevention, patient positions, patient safety and immobilization methods, incident reports. Assessment of physical needs. Physical needs of the patient, assessing patient status, physical signs, vital signs, weight, laboratory values, patient chart. Patient examination. Initial assessment, records, general physical examination, selected examinations and procedures, associated equipment and instruments. Care of patients with tubes, lines, catheters and other devices. Purpose, types and special precautions, procedures and special precautions. Patient education. Needs assessment, educational methods, implementation and evaluation, treatment procedures, medical imaging procedures, documentation.

Infection control. Cycle of infection, prevention of transmission, medical and surgical asepsis, practical asepsis, isolation techniques and communicable diseases, procedures for isolation patient, precautions for the compromised patient (reverse isolation). Environmental and workplace safety.

Medications and administration. Role of the radiographer and radiation therapist, medication information, medication administration.

Medical emergencies. Emergency equipment, latex reactions, shock, signs and symptoms and medical intervention for selected emergencies. Basic cardiac life support.

Foundation concepts and competencies in assessment and evaluation of the patient for service delivery. Psychological and physical needs of the patient and family and factors affecting treatment outcome. Infection control procedures, routine and emergency care procedures. Role in patient education. Human factors, quality assurance.

Communication in patient care. Health-illness continuum, developing professional attitudes, communication (including interviewing, observation and recording), age- and generation-specific communication, psychological considerations. Patient-family interactions. Patient identification, aspects of treatment procedures, holistic approaches to family members and friends.

Patient rights and responsibilities (including confidentiality). Patient transfer. Body mechanics, movement techniques, fall prevention, patient positions, patient safety and immobilization methods, incident reports. Assessment of physical needs. Physical needs of the patient, assessing patient status, physical signs, vital signs, weight, laboratory values, patient chart. Patient examination. Initial assessment, records, general physical examination, selected examinations and procedures, associated equipment and instruments. Care of patients with tubes, lines, catheters and other devices. Purpose, types and special precautions, procedures and special precautions. Patient education. Needs assessment, educational methods, implementation and evaluation, treatment procedures, medical imaging procedures, documentation.

Infection control. Cycle of infection, prevention of transmission, medical and surgical asepsis, practical asepsis, isolation techniques and communicable diseases, procedures for isolation patient, precautions for the compromised patient (reverse isolation). Environmental and workplace safety.

Medications and administration. Role of the radiographer and radiation therapist, medication information, medication administration.

Medical emergencies. Emergency equipment, latex reactions, shock, signs and symptoms and medical intervention for selected emergencies. Basic cardiac life support.

Foundation concepts and competencies in assessment and evaluation of the patient for service delivery. Psychological and physical needs of the patient and family and factors affecting treatment outcome. Infection control procedures, routine and emergency care procedures. Role in patient education. Human factors, quality assurance.

Communication in patient care. Health-illness continuum, developing professional attitudes, communication (including interviewing, observation and recording), age- and generation-specific communication, psychological considerations. Patient-family interactions. Patient identification, aspects of treatment procedures, holistic approaches to family members and friends.

Patient rights and responsibilities (including confidentiality). Patient transfer. Body mechanics, movement techniques, fall prevention, patient positions, patient safety and immobilization methods, incident reports. Assessment of physical needs. Physical needs of the patient, assessing patient status, physical signs, vital signs, weight, laboratory values, patient chart. Patient examination. Initial assessment, records, general physical examination, selected examinations and procedures, associated equipment and instruments. Care of patients with tubes, lines, catheters and other devices. Purpose, types and special precautions, procedures and special precautions. Patient education. Needs assessment, educational methods, implementation and evaluation, treatment procedures, medical imaging procedures, documentation.

Infection control. Cycle of infection, prevention of transmission, medical and surgical asepsis, practical asepsis, isolation techniques and communicable diseases, procedures for isolation patient, precautions for the compromised patient (reverse isolation). Environmental and workplace safety.

Medications and administration. Role of the radiographer and radiation therapist, medication information, medication administration.

Medical emergencies. Emergency equipment, latex reactions, shock, signs and symptoms and medical intervention for selected emergencies. Basic cardiac life support.


Year 1 (Trimester 2)

Anatomy and Physiology 2

HSC1002

In this module, we’ll be building up on Anatomy and Physiology 1 (HSC1001) to provide students with the practical knowledge of the normal structure and function of the human body. The clinical relevance and the interrelationship between different body systems will be emphasized. Learning of anatomical structures will be reinforced by highlighting connections with their physiological functions. In this module, students will learn the anatomy and physiology of the digestive system, endocrine system, renal system, immune system and reproductive system. They will also gain an in-depth understanding of the musculoskeletal anatomy of the thorax, abdomen, head and neck.


Radiation Physics and Dosimetry

HSC1102

This module provides the foundation physics knowledge relevant to medical radiation and imaging. Topics include the structure of matter, properties of radiation, radioactivity and decay, and interactions of ionizing radiation with matter. This module also segues into x-ray instrumentation by introducing x-ray production.


Principles of Radiographic Practice

HSC1106

This module focuses on the science and equipment involved in the production of optimal radiographic images. It follows the x-ray beam from creation to detection and image formation. It also discusses factors affecting image quality, optimal imaging standards, problem-solving techniques for image evaluation, and quality assurance. These principles are then extended to discuss principles of operation of equipment for fluoroscopy, mobile radiography and angiography.


Research - Critical Appraisal of Literature

HSC1005

This module concentrates on equipping students to become well-informed consumers of the scientific literature, whilst developing an understanding of basic research methodology. The module provides training in finding, critiquing and summarising relevant literature. It also takes students through study designs and issues that affect upon a study’s validity, interpretation and applicability. The knowledge and skills acquired supports students in employing evidence-based practice in their subsequent coursework. This provides a platform for them to develop further competence in research methodology.


Year 1 (Trimester 3)

Principles of Radiation Therapy Practice

RTY1001

Professional roles and responsibilities to patients, community, profession and self (including radiation, legal and ethical practice, diversity). Scope of practice, practice standards, code of ethics. Incidence, etiology and epidemiology. Carcinogenesis. Theories and prevention. Detection and diagnosis. Medical history, physical examination, biopsy, microscopy, laboratory, diagnostic imaging studies. Early detection, screening programs. Grading and staging. Definitions, purpose, methods, effect on treatment. Prognostic factors. Tumour-related, host-related. Treatment intent (radical, adjuvant, palliative). Treatment (surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, hormonal, radionuclide therapies, gene manipulation, complementary therapies). Principles and modalities of radiation therapy treatment (external beam radiation, brachytherapy, hyperthermia). Research.

Key terms. Radiation therapy equipment, equipment components and terms, dose delivery terms, positioning terms.

Factors that influence and govern clinical planning of patient treatment. Isodose descriptions, patient contouring, radiobiologic considerations, dosimetric calculations, compensation and clinical application of treatment beams. Nomenclature and terminology, treatment sheet documentation, technical skills and land-marking, palliative treatment techniques. Staging and planning. Treatment planning principles, treatment planning system algorithms, planning techniques. Imaging for diagnosis, digital imaging and PACS.

General care of the cancer patient. Cancer patients and grief.


Radiation Therapy Clinical Practice 1

RTY1902

TBC