Chemical Engineering is concerned with developing and implementing methods that convert basic raw materials into useful intermediate or end products such as fuels, plastics, cosmetics, dyes, crop protection agents, and medical preparations by means of physical, chemical and biological processes. In addition to improving existing processes, Chemical Engineers also develop new applications for these processes in response to changes in safety and environmental protection requirements.
This degree programme is largely focused on industrial chemistry, dealing with more upstream processes of Chemical Engineering. Students will be exposed to the development and design of chemical processes. A strong focus is placed on the fundamentals of inorganic and organic chemistry to provide novel solutions to the petrochemical, pharmaceutical and environmental industries.
Chemical Engineers excel in areas such as research and development, planning, design, operation, purchasing, sales, teaching, patent procedures and business management in the aerospace, automotive, biomedical, electronic and environmental industries.
Eligibility and Exemption
Ngee Ann Polytechnic*
*Students who do hold a diploma from other programmes which are not listed here are welcome to apply. Applications will be considered on a case-by-case basis.
Applicants who are not graduates from one of the five local polytechnics, but have completed a formal 12-year education equivalent to A-Levels, are eligible to apply for the following degree programme at SIT.
All students will have to complete an attachment at the home campus of Technical University of Munich (TUM) in Germany within the final semester of their degree program. Students will undergo matriculation at the TUM home campus when they attend the Overseas Immersion Programme. The exact duration of their stay in Germany may vary with each student but in general, students from the EEIT degree programme will have to spend about 12 weeks abroad, whilst students from the CE degree programme will have to spend about 17 weeks abroad. EEIT students will carry out their Bachelor’s thesis under supervision by their German professors. CE students, in addition to the Bachelor’s thesis, will have to attend laboratory courses on Physical Chemistry and Chemical Engineering at the home campus.
The trip to Germany will provide students an enriching immersive experience of living and studying at the TUM campus in Munich. The estimated cost ranges from S$7,000 to S$9,000.
Note: Estimated costs are dependent on the prevailing currency exchange rate and flight ticket prices.
Advanced Mathematics 1: Fundamentals: real and complex numbers, Supremum, Induction, notion of functions, mathematic notation; Linear algebra: vectors, matrices, linear equation systems, scalar and vector product, orthogonality, linear spaces, linear transformation, eigenvalues, factorise matrices (diagonalising and singular value analysis), matrix norm; Analysis: sequences, series, limits, steadiness
Advanced Mathematics 2: Analysis (1 dimension): theorems and formulae of differential calculus, extreme values, theorems and formulae of integral calculus, improper integrals (including Laplace transformation); differential equations: linear systems with constant coefficients; Analysis (multidimensional): curves, scalar and vector fields, partial derivation, gradient, total derivation, functional matrix, implicit functions, extreme value with and without side conditions, line integral and potential
Review of Mathematics; Units and Dimensions; 1D Kinematics; 2D Kinematics; Newton’s Laws; Work and Energy; Momentum; Rotation; Waves and Oscillations; Zeroth Law; Ideal Gas; Kinetic theory; Specific Heat; Thermodynamics - First Law.
Introduction; Fundamentals; Drawing of device I; Drawing of device II; Basics of dimensions; Dimensions of devices; Surface, Edge and mechanical properties; Tolerances; Fittings; Connection between devices, Forging, Casting; DIN and standard parts; Introduction to CAD
Atoms; Atomic theory; Chemical Bondings; Metallic bonds; Ionic bond; Covalent bond; Hydrogen; Hydrogen halide; Acid–base reaction; Halogen; Oxygen; Redox reactions; Chemical equilibrium; Sulphur and Selenium; The nitrogen group; Nitrogen-Hydrogen compounds; Phosphorus; Arsenic, Antimony, Bismuth; Carbon; Germanium, Tin and Lead; Alkaline- earth metal; Alkali metal; Boron; Aluminium; Nobel gas; Ligand field theory; Catalysis
Introductory and Summary of Thermodynamics; State Functions; State Equation of an Ideal Gas; Force and Energy of Single Atoms and Molecules; The Degrees of Freedom of a Molecule and their Energetic Equilibrium; 1st Law of Thermodynamics – Work and Heat. What is a state function? State functions at constant pressure: Enthalpy, Real Gas – A System with Intermolecular Interactions; Entropy and the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics (Reversible – Irreversible Processes); Free Energy and Gibbs Free Enthalpy; The Gibbs Equation or fundamental thermodynamic relation; Multiple Component Systems - Equilibrium between Different Phases; Equilibrium of chemical reactions.
Digital Technology; Computer Architecture; Software Development; Variables and Elementary Data Types; Operators and Statements; Control Flow; Arrays, Strings, Pointers and Functions; Operating Systems; Higher Data Structures; Data, Databases; Modelling; Object Orientation and Object Oriented Modelling; Computer Communication
Principles of separation and identification of groups of ions; Preliminary tests and chemical dissolution; Extraction of solids; HCl/H2S group; (NH4)2S group; CO32--/soluble group/soda extract; Analyses of anions.
Basics of thermodynamics; thermodynamic systems; Variables of state; the thermodynamic equilibrium; introduction of temperature; thermodynamic state variables; First law of thermodynamics:first law for closed and open systems; enthalpy; caloric state variables and specific heat capacity; Second law of thermodynamics:reversible and irreversible changes of state; Exergy of open and closed systems; thermodynamic properties of matter; gas and vapour and there thermic and caloric state variables; Thermodynamic processes; Carnot cycle; Clausius-Rankine-Process
Advanced Mathematics 3: Orthogonal series, Fourier series, Hilbert space, multidimensional integrals, multiple integrals, surface integrals; differential equations, nonlinear differential equations, uniqueness, existence, stability.
Chemical equilibrium and titrations; Acid-Base Titration; Complexation Titration; Redox Titration; Gravimetric Analysis; Electrochemical Methods; Spectrochemical Methods; Chromatography; Thermal and Combustion analysis; X-Ray Methods; Mass Spectrometry.
Light and matter: First quantum mechanical introduction; NMR- and ESR-spectroscopy (nuclear and electron spin); Microwave spectroscopy (molecular rotation); Infrared and Raman spectroscopy (molecular vibrations); Instrumentation (spectrometer); Ultraviolet spectroscopy (excitation of electrons); Instrumentation (modern light sources: laser).
Structure and Bonds; Alkanes and Cycloalkanes; Alkenes; Alkynes; Stereochemistry; Alkyl halogenides; Alcohols; Ether; Carbonyl compounds; Carbonic acids; Aromats.
Statics; fundamental terms: properties of force and torque, operating experience and proceedings; systems of forces: plane and spatial; systems of forces, static equilibrium, equilibrium conditions graphical techniques: special cases of equilibrium, Culmann-line, link polygon method bearing statics: characteristics of bearings, bearing reactions; static determination; trusses centre of mass: weight, position of the centre of mass, moment and equilibrium, support of rigid bodies; beam statics internal forces and moments, FÖPPL-brackets kinetic friction: friction laws, application of friction laws, self-locking, belt friction rope statics
Fundamentals in momentum; heat and mass transfer; fluid mechanics; rheology; analogies in heat and mass transfer; unit operations
Flow-diagrams, design methodology, machine design, plant overview, basic stress analysis, failure modes, material properties, design fundamentals of vessel components at high pressure and temperature, fundamentals of FEM, fundamentals of fluid dynamics, valves, joints (welding, screws), flanged joints, leakage, national and international regulations
Thermodynamics and Kinetics -Stoichiometry and sequence of a chemical reaction, thermodynamic aspects of a chemical reaction, Basics in reaction kinetics, Basics in heterogeneous catalysis, micro kinetics in chemical reactions, Macro kinetics, Reaction vessels and process management -types of reactors, micro-/macro mixing and segregation, retention time analysis in ideal reactor types, modelling of real reactor systems, retention time and reaction, optimisation strategies for simple and complex reactions, heat management in reactors
Basic concepts of materials science including: material properties and solid state physics; atomic arrangements in solids; defects in crystals, polycrystals and their defects; solid state thermodynamics; phase diagrams, phase transformations; diffusion; strengthening mechanisms, heat treatment; chemical stability; additional material parameter
Elasto-Statics; stresses and strains: tension-compression-loading, state of stress, state of strain, relation between stress and strain; stability hypotheses; beam bending: moments of inertia of area, stress distribution in a beam, deflection curve, influence of shearing stresses, principle of superposition; torsion: circular cross section, thin-walled cross section buckling: buckling equations and their solutions, Euler’s buckling load, computation of compression struts; energy methods: Castiglione’s method, principle of Menabrea, strain energy; principle of virtual work
Introductions – Mechanisms of heat transport; basic term of heat transfer, Fourier law and differential equations, boundary conditions; stationary heat transfer; Péclet-equation for plate, cylinder and sphere; 2D- heat transfer, heat transfer with constant source; Biot- and Fourier-number; Introduction to heat radiation: emission and absorption of black and non-black bodies Kirchhoff’s Law; optical Properties, Radiation and heat transfer; Mass and Energy balance; heat exchanger; fundamentals of heat transfer and convection, basic result of fluid mechanics, differential equations for temperature and heat transfer in fluids; Nußelt-Number; Pi-theorem; free convection; Boussinesq-approximation
Chemical Reactivity; Classification of Organic Reactions; Reactive intermediate stages and Acid/Base Chemistry; Nucleophilic Substitution; Elimination Reaction; Addition Reaction; Cycloaddition Reaction; Aromatic Substitution; Radical Reaction; Oxidation and Redox Chemistry; Reaction of Carbonyl Compounds; 1, 2 Addition Reaction of Organometallic Compounds; Enolates; Rearrangement Reaction.
Measurement of effective diffusion coefficients; Macro kinetics of the gas-liquid transition in chemical multi-phase-reactions; Transport limitation in the catalysis with split catalisis; Adsorption; Retention time and chemical reactions (pipe, cascade, stirrer); Stability characteristics of a continuous enhanced stirred-tank reactor
Introduction into processes of Mechanical Process Engineering, particles and disperse systems, particle collectives, particle analysis techniques, separation technology, mixing of particles, Dimensional analysis.
The aim of this course is to teach the engineering and thermodynamically basics of thermal separation processes. Main focus will be:Thermodynamic of single component systems and mixtures with are detailed view on the equilibrium state.(chemical equilibrium and phase equilibrium)calculation of gas-liquid-equilibriumstate diagrams of ideal and non-ideal gases and mixtures distillation processes (open and closed)rectification processes (binary mixtures) tray columns and packed columns.
Enzymes (biochemistry, kinetics, thermodynamics, immobilized enzymes, industrial use of enzymes) Bioreactors (functionality, process parameter, sensors, design of bioreactors and bioprocesses) Growth kinetics and mass balancing (calculations for batch, fed-batch, and continuous batch fermentation, material balancing) Heat and mass transer (heat exchange, conduction, convection, oxygen uptake rate, diffusion, combined mass-transfer coefficient) Industrial microbial bioprocesses (production of food, biomass, alcohols, organic acids, antibiotics) Downstream processing (cell disruption, filtration, chromatography, centrifugation, extraction, drying) Sterilization processes (physical and chemical methods, practical rules working with microorganisms) Analytics for process control(GC, HPLC, spectrometry, bioanalytics)
Physics of fluids; kinematics of flows; conservation laws of fluid mechanics; Bernoulli equation; wave phenomena and gas dynamics; viscous flows; turbulence; technical flows
*This module outline is only applicable to Polytechnic graduates with exemption credits.